There are 2 main types of research primary research and secondary research.
Finding out about fieldwork:
Examine the website About Fieldwork.
Practise some of the research methods at Geography Challenge (go to the Virtua Field Trip).
You can also see ideas for fieldwork on this website in the following places:
- Microclimate fieldwork
- Water quality fieldwork
- Field sketch
- River fieldwork
Primary research refers to research conducted first hand.
Examples of primary research:
- personal observations
- photographs taken by you
- interviews (e.g. with a local council member, government department, special interest groups)
- numerical and graphical data that you collect
- ground and oblique photographs that you take
- videos that you record
Secondary research is research that someone else has conducted that you can use and interpret.
Examples of secondary research:
- numerical and graphical data from the internet, organisations or companies
- aerial photographs and satellite images
- videos filmed by others
- magazine articles
Research Methods - what methods do I use?
What do people think about....?
What is happening at a particular place...?
- observing traffic flow
- observing pedestrian flow
- observing land use
- sampling - random, quadrat methods
- height of vegetation
- density of vegetation
- species identification
- steepness of the slope (clinometer)
- aspect of the slope
- soil profile
- soil acidity
- soil texture
- soil moisture content
- soil colour
- air pressure
- relative humidity
Rivers and Creeks...
- measuring changes in channel shape
- material carried in the stream
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Deputy Principal at a Sydney high school. Coordinating author of the Geoactive text book series.