Management of the Coral Triangle
The six nations of the Coral Triangle came together in 2009 to form the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security. The countries use national coordinating committees, learning networks, regional exchanges, capacity building workshops to come together to share their knowledge and expertise.
The Coral Triangle Support Partnership (CTSP) is an initiative run in collaboration with WWF, The Nature Conservancy, Conservation International and USAid, among other groups. It is a 5 year, $32 million program designed to support the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines,mSolomon Islands and Timor-Leste. The initiative is aimed at addressing over-fishing, destructive fishing practices, pollution and climate change.
CTSP assists in setting up and managing Marine Protected Areas, to conserve reefs and fish, protect shorelines, improve fisheries catches for locals, and enhance quality of life for communities.
Each of the six nations has a National plan of Action which is aligned with the Regional Plan of Action set out by the CTI.
Fishing practices are regulated, management practices align with stock distribution, spawning areas and migration routes are monitored and regulated.
- 5.5 million hectares of marine ecosystems under protection.
- Training of wildlife wardens to manage coastal resources
- Stopped issuing permits for export of endangered humphead wrasse, and buy back systems to buy out the species from fish farms.
- Maliangian Handicraft Workshop - provide alternative lifestyle options to fishing.
Papua New Guinea
- Empower local communities and their traditional laws
- Workshops, field trips, training
- Locally Managed Marine Areas
- Manus Environmental Communities Network - share best practice with communities
- Milne Bay - fishermen trained and engaged in environmental monitoring, find raising and reporting.
- Mahonia Na Dari Research and Conservation Centre - The Mahonia Na Dari Research and - Conservation Centre is a non-government organisation that develops marine environmental conservation education for children and local communities around Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea.
- Volunteer rangers in Western Provincetown monitor and tag turtle populations using their skills in water acrobatics and free diving.
- Development of Best Practice Guidelines
- Building the capacity of local groups such as the Gizo Marine Conservation Area Management Committee and the Tetepare Descendants Association
- Tetepare Island - ecotourism, local rangers, gather data, patrol the island, monitor harvesting and confiscate illegal catches.
- 20,000 hectares of Marine Protected Areas.
- Government to map and plan ways to increase fish numbers for the future.
- Mangrove planting projects
- Establishment of Niño Konis Santana National Park
- Community awareness -workshops, film screenings, hands-on training,
- Surveys of coastlines
WWF Infographic - Marine protected areas in the Coral Triangle A map showing the Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), Coral Triangle boundaries, value of fisheries, subsidies paid to commercial fisheries, and funding required to support MPAs. See more...
New hope for fisheries development in the Pacific.
Financing marine protected areas.
Coral Triangle Center
Protecting marine turtles in the Indo-Pacific.
Building a sustainable live reef food fish trade
Promoting sustainable tuna fisheries in the Coral Triangle
Tackling fisheries bycatch
Malaysia - Traders continued to keep wrasse in "grow out" cages
Papua New Guinea- difficult to coordinate as there are diverse systems of traditional law.
Solomon Islands - geographical spread- managed by local communities. Lack of technical skills, scientific data, and resources such as equipment and fuel can hinder management. Complex clan structures and customary land ownership.
Philippines - vulnerable communities
Timor-Leste -limited information of reefs make it difficult for planning and decision-making.
Legal and Policy gaps in the management of the live reef food fish trade in the Coral Triangle.
Below is an infographic embedded that explores the destruction and overfishing of reefs of the Philippines
WWF has created an Infographic exploring seafood caught in the Coral Triangle. It incorporates a map showing the value of the tuna industry and live reef food fish industry, as well as levels of over fishing in the region. See the infographic...
Links to explore human impacts on the Coral Triangle:
Coastal development destroying reefs off Phuket
An overview of shark utilisation in the Coral Triangle region.
Problems in the Coral Triangle
Climate change, reefs and the Coral Triangle
Coral Triangle facts
WWF - Coral Triangle
Coral Triangle Initiative
Fishing for a fair deal in the Pacific and why the EU must change their game.
Click to view a range of article on the Coral Triangle from the Guardian.
WWF Infographic - Turtles in the Coral TriangleAn infographic showing the life cycle of turtles, threats to turtles, statistics on survival rates, and protection statuses of different species. See more...
Choose a conflict that has involved the use of child soldiers.
National Case Law
… related to the conflict
Congo 'Terminator' turns himself in to US embassy
ICC acquits Congolese warlord
Customary IHL - Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
Human rights: the basic rights and freedoms believed to belong justifiably to all human beings.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN in 1948, representing the first universal acceptance of the idea of human rights and becoming a reference point of all subsequent human rights treaties.
Define the following terms:
- inalienable right
- natural law
- universal suffrage
- universal education
- self determination
Human Rights links:
Human Rights Research Guide
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Articles about human rights.
Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta and politicising the International Criminal Court
Passage of the ‘Excision Bill’ undermines human rights
Immigrant women 'forced' to perform sex acts in Sydney brothel, jury finds
Human Rights Watch
Discrimination bill mustn't die, says Human Rights Commission
North Korea dismisses UN human rights resolution
Human rights declaration dubbed useless
Postpone deeply flawed ASEAN Human Rights Declaration
Resurrecting the fight for a Charter of Rights
Eliminating human trafficking from the global business landscape
Prime Minister announces new program to combat human trafficking
Eliminating trafficking from the global business landscape
Exploitation of workers:
What is child labour?
Cocoa campaign: Stop Child and Forced Labour
Slaves to chocolate - New Internationalist
Bitter life of chocolate's child slaves
Video: Child Labor in the Coco Plantation
Deputy Principal at a Sydney high school. Coordinating author of the Geoactive text book series.