back burning:starting small fires in front of the firefront to reduce the amount of fuel available and slow the progress of a fire.
bushfire: fire burning out of control in the open; also called a wildfire
climate change: a current warming trend of the Earth’s atmosphere.
drought: a period of below average precipitation
El Niño event: the reversal (every few years) of the more usual direction of winds and surface currents across the Pacific Ocean. This change causes drought in Australia
and heavy rain in South America. (Normally Australia has the rain and South America has the dry conditions.)
evacuee: someone who is forced out of the location that they normally live in.
fire front: the edge of the fire that spreads at the fastest rate
firebrand: aerial burning fuel that blows ahead of the fire front
firestorm: an intense fire, which may generate strong convection currents and violent winds that cause long range spotting and flame spirals
fuel: any material that burns
hazard reduction burn: a way of preparing for bushfires by starting a controlled fire in a cool period before fire season. This reduced the fuel in the area.
heatwave: a short period (usually a few days) of well above average temperatures
La Niña event: a period of well above average rainfall in eastern Australia, which often brings floods
Meteorology: the study of processes and phenomena of the atmosphere, including climate and weather.
natural disaster: occurs as a result of a hazardous natural event that dramatically affects a community
natural hazard: a natural event or object that is a potential source of harm to a community
NGO: non-government organisation. A group of people in a community who all work towards a common purpose.
sclerophyll: plants found in low rainfall areas; their leathery leaves help reduce water loss
stubble: the stumps or stalks left in the ground when a crop, such as wheat, is harvested
subsidy: direct financial aid given by a government to an individual or group to reduce the price of a good or service.
Each student receives a copy of the glossary terms and a single glossary bingo card (each card contains random 9lossary terms). As a class, read through the glossary terms. Students are then given 5 minutes to revise the terms and definitions. The teacher reads out definitions in a random order. When the student hears a definition of a word on their bingo card they highlight it. When students have a row of three terms they call out “Bingo”. An example of a bingo card can be seen below, but the downloadable file below contains multiple variations.
Bushfire spelling list
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Deputy Principal at a Sydney high school. Coordinating author of the Geoactive text book series.